We have previously reported a facile and convenient method for the preparation of a new type of lactose-CdSeS/ZnS quantum dots conjugates (Lac-QDs) that exhibit biocompatibility, noncytotoxicity and specificity to leukocytes. In order to further study the carbohydrate-protein interactions, a series of Lac-QDs with different lactose densities and a PEGylated (n=3) lactose-QDs conjugate (LacPEG-QDs) with more flexible sugar ligands were prepared. The amount of the sugar molecules on QDs can be determined by NMR, which was in agreement with the results from TGA determination. The formula of the conjugates was determined with ICP-OES. The interactions between..........The fabrication of lactose on QDs provides a fluorescent multivalent carbohydrate probe that can be used as mimics of glycoprotein for the study of carbohydrate-protein interactions and cell imaging.